A nation's monetary policy plays a pivotal role in shaping its financial well-being. As we kick off 2024, Canada finds itself at a critical juncture with a monetary policy that aims to steer the country toward economic stability and prosperity.
Here, let’s dive into Canada's 2024 monetary policy, exploring its objectives, key components, and potential implications for the nation's economy.
Objectives of Canada’s 2024 Monetary Policy
In 2023, Canada experienced a series of challenges, including inflationary pressures, international trade dynamics, and growing citizen demands. The 2024 monetary policy is crafted to address these issues while fostering sustainable economic growth. Here are a few of the main objectives of Canada’s 2024 monetary policy:
One of the primary objectives of Canada's monetary policy in 2024 is to maintain price stability. This entails keeping inflation within a target range, typically set by the central bank.
Canada's policymakers also aim to stimulate economic growth by managing interest rates and other monetary tools. The central bank is tasked with promoting a stable and robust economic environment, thereby creating job opportunities, and fostering prosperity.
Exchange Rate Management
Canada's economic health is closely tied to its exchange rate, particularly due to its significant international trade activities. The 2024 monetary policy will address exchange rate fluctuations and their impact on the country's trade balance.
Key Components of Canada's 2024 Monetary Policy
Now that we know the objectives, let's examine what Canada's 2024 monetary policy may look like.
Interest Rate Management
The Bank of Canada uses its benchmark interest rate to influence borrowing and lending rates throughout the country. Lowering interest rates can stimulate borrowing, investing, and spending, while raising them can curb inflation and excessive borrowing. The 2024 monetary policy will likely include adjustments to this interest rate to meet policy objectives. The bank increased rates 10 times between March 2022 and July 2023.
As of writing, The scheduled dates for the interest rate announcements for 2024 are as follows1:
- Wednesday, January 24
- Wednesday, March 6
- Wednesday, April 10
- Wednesday, June 5
- Wednesday, July 24
- Wednesday, September 4
- Wednesday, October 23
- Wednesday, December 11
Effective monetary policy is crucial in controlling inflation. If the 2024 monetary policy is successful, it will help stabilize consumer prices, safeguard the purchasing power of the Canadian dollar, and create a favorable environment for businesses and consumers. Inflation in September 2023 dipped to 3.8% from 4.0% in August, and the central bank said it would average 3.5% through mid-2024.2 Inflation is expected to return to the 2% target by the end of 2025.2
Quantitative tightening (QT) is a monetary policy strategy employed by central banks to reduce the money supply and prevent excessive inflation. This is typically achieved by selling assets, such as government bonds, that the central bank had purchased during periods of quantitative easing (QE). The implementation of QT can impact Canada's economy in several ways. First, it can lead to higher interest rates as the central bank unwinds its asset holdings, making borrowing more expensive for consumers and businesses. Second, it may strengthen the Canadian dollar, which could impact the country's international trade dynamics, making exports more expensive and potentially reducing foreign demand for Canadian goods.
As of October 2023, The Bank of Canada decided to hold the policy rate at 5% and to continue to normalize the Bank’s balance sheet with QT.3
To stay up to date on the country’s monetary policy, refer to the quarterly report of the Bank of Canada’s Governing Council, which presents “the Bank’s base-case projection for inflation and growth in the Canadian economy, and its assessment of risks.”4 You can find these reports at www.bankofcanada.ca/publications/mpr/.
This content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information, and provided by Twenty Over Ten. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security.